Homemade Barbari: A Delicious Taste of Iran

Barbari is a traditional Persian bread that is enjoyed throughout Iran and in other parts of the Middle East. Here are some details about this delicious bread:

  • Ingredients: The dough for Barbari is made from flour, yeast, salt, and water. The dough is typically left to rise for several hours before being shaped into long, flat loaves. Before baking, the loaves are often topped with sesame seeds or Nigella seeds.
  • Texture and flavor: Barbari has a chewy texture and a slightly sour taste, which comes from the use of sourdough starter in some recipes. The bread is also characterized by a thin, crisp crust and a soft, fluffy interior.
  • History: Barbari has been a staple bread in Iran for centuries and is believed to have originated in the city of Tabriz. It is often served for breakfast or as an accompaniment to savory dishes, such as stews and kebabs.
  • Serving: Barbari is often served warm and fresh from the oven, and can be eaten on its own or used to make sandwiches. It is also a popular choice for dipping into soups and stews.
  • Cultural significance: Barbari is a beloved symbol of Iranian cuisine and culture, and is often featured in Iranian culinary events and festivals. It is also a common sight at bakeries and street vendors throughout the country.

Overall, Barbari is a delicious and iconic bread that has been a part of Iranian culinary tradition for centuries.

Here’s a simple recipe for making Barbari bread at home:


  • 4 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 tsp active dry yeast
  • 1 1/2 cups warm water
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 2 tbsp vegetable oil
  • Sesame seeds or Nigella seeds for topping


  1. In a large mixing bowl, combine the flour, yeast, and salt.
  2. Add the warm water and mix well until a soft dough forms.
  3. Knead the dough for about 10 minutes until it becomes smooth and elastic.
  4. Place the dough in a clean, oiled bowl and cover with a clean towel. Let the dough rest in a warm, draft-free place for 2-3 hours, or until it has doubled in size.
  5. Preheat your oven to 425°F (218°C) and place a baking stone or an upside-down baking sheet on the middle rack to heat up.
  6. Gently punch down the dough and divide it into two equal pieces.
  7. Roll out each piece of dough into a long, oval shape, about 1/2 inch thick.
  8. Place the dough on a sheet of parchment paper and brush it with vegetable oil.
  9. Use your fingers to make deep, diagonal grooves in the dough, then sprinkle sesame seeds or Nigella seeds over the top.
  10. Carefully transfer the dough and parchment paper onto the hot baking stone or baking sheet.
  11. Bake the Barbari for 15-20 minutes, or until it is golden brown and the crust is crispy.
  12. Remove from the oven and let the bread cool for a few minutes before slicing and serving.

Enjoy your homemade Barbari bread!